The entrance of the “blue” house under No.1. The 10 plus 1 storey Y-Houses were built at the Eastern edge of the city, where the late housing estate, called “Bauxite town” had been erected.
Vivien and Cintia in front of the “white” house under No.19.
Childhood portrait of Maria Pethő in her apartment of the “red” house under No.5, located in the “A” wing of the estate. Maria and her late husband moved in to this apartment in July, 1974. She has lived alone for the past three years.
Ferenc Pintér is the community representative of more than one Y-houses. Although they look identical from the outside, the houses have experienced several different eras during the past decades. Significant differences could be observed between the buildings erected in the 1970s and the 1980s.
Katalin's dog sits in her apartment located in the "A" wing of the "yellow" building under No.17.
Ferenc Pintér community representative and László Kovács decorating the Christmas tree of the house in the entrance hall of the “green” building under No.11.
Ottó Hatos, aged 81 has moved into the “C” wing of the “red” house under No.5 following his wife’s death, who died after their son was already deceased.
Turn of a staircase in the “yellow” building under No.9. When the bauxite mine was closed, the houses ownership was assigned to the local government, but owing to difficulties with their maintenance the apartments have continuously been sold out.
Balázs Futó next to his Cadillac at the entrance of the “green” house under No.7. The construction of the Y-Houses was an attempt to provide better conditions for the residents. The buildings represented a quality superior to that of the estates consisting of panel houses.
Tibor Halász stands in the front of the “green” house under No.7. Originally the houses were colored in different schemes but they have changed a lot both from the outside and regarding their tenants. Although many residents have lived here since the apartments were assigned to their tenants for the first time, fluctuation of the residents is speeding up.
The “Y-Houses” represent not only an architectural characteristic of Tapolca, but also a powerful example of rural communities. The buildings, often being both praised and criticised, provided a new impulse to the city of Tapolca in the 1970s. Between 1972 and 1986 nine uniquely designed miners’ houses were erected in the outskirts of the city. Each gave room to one hundred apartments. The initial momentum faded by now and the once modern district became greyish. The houses need renovating but its cost burdens the city with unsolvable challenges. The communities living among the walls, however, remained strong. Most of the residents have lived here since the apartments of the bauxite mine complex were assigned to their tenants.
“Bad neighbourhood – Turkish curse” is the old aphorism that could apply here any time. Thus the easily noticeable solidarity and the strength of the local community has a prominent role in the Ypsilons. One building gives space to a number of people that could easily live in a micro-village. The whole complex houses a population that could make up a village of quite a noticeable size.